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0001 // Copyright (c) 2009-2010 Satoshi Nakamoto
0002 // Copyright (c) 2011 The Bitcoin developers
0003 // Distributed under the MIT/X11 software license, see the accompanying
0004 // file license.txt or http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.
0005 
0006 #include "protocol.h"
0007 #include "util.h"
0008 #include <arpa/inet.h>
0009 
0010 
0011 // Prototypes from net.h, but that header (currently) stinks, can't #include it without breaking things
0012 bool Lookup(const char *pszName, std::vector<CAddress>& vaddr, int nServices, int nMaxSolutions, bool fAllowLookup = false, int portDefault = 0, bool fAllowPort = false);
0013 bool Lookup(const char *pszName, CAddress& addr, int nServices, bool fAllowLookup = false, int portDefault = 0, bool fAllowPort = false);
0014 
0015 static const unsigned char pchIPv4[12] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0xff, 0xff };
0016 static const char* ppszTypeName[] =
0017 {
0018     "ERROR",
0019     "tx",
0020     "block",
0021 };
0022 
0023 CMessageHeader::CMessageHeader()
0024 {
0025     memcpy(pchMessageStart, ::pchMessageStart, sizeof(pchMessageStart));
0026     memset(pchCommand, 0, sizeof(pchCommand));
0027     pchCommand[1] = 1;
0028     nMessageSize = -1;
0029     nChecksum = 0;
0030 }
0031 
0032 CMessageHeader::CMessageHeader(const char* pszCommand, unsigned int nMessageSizeIn)
0033 {
0034     memcpy(pchMessageStart, ::pchMessageStart, sizeof(pchMessageStart));
0035     strncpy(pchCommand, pszCommand, COMMAND_SIZE);
0036     nMessageSize = nMessageSizeIn;
0037     nChecksum = 0;
0038 }
0039 
0040 std::string CMessageHeader::GetCommand() const
0041 {
0042     if (pchCommand[COMMAND_SIZE-1] == 0)
0043         return std::string(pchCommand, pchCommand + strlen(pchCommand));
0044     else
0045         return std::string(pchCommand, pchCommand + COMMAND_SIZE);
0046 }
0047 
0048 bool CMessageHeader::IsValid() const
0049 {
0050     // Check start string
0051     if (memcmp(pchMessageStart, ::pchMessageStart, sizeof(pchMessageStart)) != 0)
0052         return false;
0053 
0054     // Check the command string for errors
0055     for (const char* p1 = pchCommand; p1 < pchCommand + COMMAND_SIZE; p1++)
0056     {
0057         if (*p1 == 0)
0058         {
0059             // Must be all zeros after the first zero
0060             for (; p1 < pchCommand + COMMAND_SIZE; p1++)
0061                 if (*p1 != 0)
0062                     return false;
0063         }
0064         else if (*p1 < ' ' || *p1 > 0x7E)
0065             return false;
0066     }
0067 
0068     // Message size
0069     if (nMessageSize > MAX_SIZE)
0070     {
0071         printf("CMessageHeader::IsValid() : (%s, %u bytes) nMessageSize > MAX_SIZE\n", GetCommand().c_str(), nMessageSize);
0072         return false;
0073     }
0074 
0075     return true;
0076 }
0077 
0078 CAddress::CAddress()
0079 {
0080     Init();
0081 }
0082 
0083 CAddress::CAddress(unsigned int ipIn, unsigned short portIn, uint64 nServicesIn)
0084 {
0085     Init();
0086     ip = ipIn;
0087     port = htons(portIn == 0 ? GetDefaultPort() : portIn);
0088     nServices = nServicesIn;
0089 }
0090 
0091 CAddress::CAddress(const struct sockaddr_in& sockaddr, uint64 nServicesIn)
0092 {
0093     Init();
0094     ip = sockaddr.sin_addr.s_addr;
0095     port = sockaddr.sin_port;
0096     nServices = nServicesIn;
0097 }
0098 
0099 CAddress::CAddress(const char* pszIn, int portIn, bool fNameLookup, uint64 nServicesIn)
0100 {
0101     Init();
0102     Lookup(pszIn, *this, nServicesIn, fNameLookup, portIn);
0103 }
0104 
0105 CAddress::CAddress(const char* pszIn, bool fNameLookup, uint64 nServicesIn)
0106 {
0107     Init();
0108     Lookup(pszIn, *this, nServicesIn, fNameLookup, 0, true);
0109 }
0110 
0111 CAddress::CAddress(std::string strIn, int portIn, bool fNameLookup, uint64 nServicesIn)
0112 {
0113     Init();
0114     Lookup(strIn.c_str(), *this, nServicesIn, fNameLookup, portIn);
0115 }
0116 
0117 CAddress::CAddress(std::string strIn, bool fNameLookup, uint64 nServicesIn)
0118 {
0119     Init();
0120     Lookup(strIn.c_str(), *this, nServicesIn, fNameLookup, 0, true);
0121 }
0122 
0123 void CAddress::Init()
0124 {
0125     nServices = NODE_NETWORK;
0126     memcpy(pchReserved, pchIPv4, sizeof(pchReserved));
0127     ip = INADDR_NONE;
0128     port = htons(GetDefaultPort());
0129     nTime = 100000000;
0130     nLastTry = 0;
0131 }
0132 
0133 bool operator==(const CAddress& a, const CAddress& b)
0134 {
0135     return (memcmp(a.pchReserved, b.pchReserved, sizeof(a.pchReserved)) == 0 &&
0136             a.ip   == b.ip &&
0137             a.port == b.port);
0138 }
0139 
0140 bool operator!=(const CAddress& a, const CAddress& b)
0141 {
0142     return (!(a == b));
0143 }
0144 
0145 bool operator<(const CAddress& a, const CAddress& b)
0146 {
0147     int ret = memcmp(a.pchReserved, b.pchReserved, sizeof(a.pchReserved));
0148     if (ret < 0)
0149         return true;
0150     else if (ret == 0)
0151     {
0152         if (ntohl(a.ip) < ntohl(b.ip))
0153             return true;
0154         else if (a.ip == b.ip)
0155             return ntohs(a.port) < ntohs(b.port);
0156     }
0157     return false;
0158 }
0159 
0160 std::vector<unsigned char> CAddress::GetKey() const
0161 {
0162     CDataStream ss;
0163     ss.reserve(18);
0164     ss << FLATDATA(pchReserved) << ip << port;
0165 
0166     return std::vector<unsigned char>(ss.begin(), ss.end());
0167 }
0168 
0169 struct sockaddr_in CAddress::GetSockAddr() const
0170 {
0171     struct sockaddr_in sockaddr;
0172     memset(&sockaddr, 0, sizeof(sockaddr));
0173     sockaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
0174     sockaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = ip;
0175     sockaddr.sin_port = port;
0176     return sockaddr;
0177 }
0178 
0179 bool CAddress::IsIPv4() const
0180 {
0181     return (memcmp(pchReserved, pchIPv4, sizeof(pchIPv4)) == 0);
0182 }
0183 
0184 bool CAddress::IsRFC1918() const
0185 {
0186   return IsIPv4() && (GetByte(3) == 10 ||
0187     (GetByte(3) == 192 && GetByte(2) == 168) ||
0188     (GetByte(3) == 172 &&
0189       (GetByte(2) >= 16 && GetByte(2) <= 31)));
0190 }
0191 
0192 bool CAddress::IsRFC3927() const
0193 {
0194   return IsIPv4() && (GetByte(3) == 169 && GetByte(2) == 254);
0195 }
0196 
0197 bool CAddress::IsLocal() const
0198 {
0199   return IsIPv4() && (GetByte(3) == 127 ||
0200       GetByte(3) == 0);
0201 }
0202 
0203 bool CAddress::IsRoutable() const
0204 {
0205     return IsValid() &&
0206         !(IsRFC1918() || IsRFC3927() || IsLocal());
0207 }
0208 
0209 bool CAddress::IsValid() const
0210 {
0211     // Clean up 3-byte shifted addresses caused by garbage in size field
0212     // of addr messages from versions before 0.2.9 checksum.
0213     // Two consecutive addr messages look like this:
0214     // header20 vectorlen3 addr26 addr26 addr26 header20 vectorlen3 addr26 addr26 addr26...
0215     // so if the first length field is garbled, it reads the second batch
0216     // of addr misaligned by 3 bytes.
0217     if (memcmp(pchReserved, pchIPv4+3, sizeof(pchIPv4)-3) == 0)
0218         return false;
0219 
0220     return (ip != 0 && ip != INADDR_NONE && port != htons(USHRT_MAX));
0221 }
0222 
0223 unsigned char CAddress::GetByte(int n) const
0224 {
0225     return ((unsigned char*)&ip)[3-n];
0226 }
0227 
0228 std::string CAddress::ToStringIPPort() const
0229 {
0230     return strprintf("%u.%u.%u.%u:%u", GetByte(3), GetByte(2), GetByte(1), GetByte(0), ntohs(port));
0231 }
0232 
0233 std::string CAddress::ToStringIP() const
0234 {
0235     return strprintf("%u.%u.%u.%u", GetByte(3), GetByte(2), GetByte(1), GetByte(0));
0236 }
0237 
0238 std::string CAddress::ToStringPort() const
0239 {
0240     return strprintf("%u", ntohs(port));
0241 }
0242 
0243 std::string CAddress::ToString() const
0244 {
0245     return strprintf("%u.%u.%u.%u:%u", GetByte(3), GetByte(2), GetByte(1), GetByte(0), ntohs(port));
0246 }
0247 
0248 void CAddress::print() const
0249 {
0250     printf("CAddress(%s)\n", ToString().c_str());
0251 }
0252 
0253 CInv::CInv()
0254 {
0255     type = 0;
0256     hash = 0;
0257 }
0258 
0259 CInv::CInv(int typeIn, const uint256& hashIn)
0260 {
0261     type = typeIn;
0262     hash = hashIn;
0263 }
0264 
0265 CInv::CInv(const std::string& strType, const uint256& hashIn)
0266 {
0267     int i;
0268     for (i = 1; i < ARRAYLEN(ppszTypeName); i++)
0269     {
0270         if (strType == ppszTypeName[i])
0271         {
0272             type = i;
0273             break;
0274         }
0275     }
0276     if (i == ARRAYLEN(ppszTypeName))
0277         throw std::out_of_range(strprintf("CInv::CInv(string, uint256) : unknown type '%s'", strType.c_str()));
0278     hash = hashIn;
0279 }
0280 
0281 bool operator<(const CInv& a, const CInv& b)
0282 {
0283     return (a.type < b.type || (a.type == b.type && a.hash < b.hash));
0284 }
0285 
0286 bool CInv::IsKnownType() const
0287 {
0288     return (type >= 1 && type < ARRAYLEN(ppszTypeName));
0289 }
0290 
0291 const char* CInv::GetCommand() const
0292 {
0293     if (!IsKnownType())
0294         throw std::out_of_range(strprintf("CInv::GetCommand() : type=%d unknown type", type));
0295     return ppszTypeName[type];
0296 }
0297 
0298 std::string CInv::ToString() const
0299 {
0300     return strprintf("%s %s", GetCommand(), hash.ToString().substr(0,20).c_str());
0301 }
0302 
0303 void CInv::print() const
0304 {
0305     printf("CInv(%s)\n", ToString().c_str());
0306 }